What is Civil Engineering?

What is Civil Engineering?

Before answering the burning question, Lets us first think about what is Engineering and how these various branches of Engineering evolved?

Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more specialized fields of engineering, each with a more specific emphasis on particular areas of applied mathematics, applied science, and types of application. See glossary of engineering.

The term engineering is derived from the Latin ingenium, meaning “cleverness” and ingeniare, meaning “to contrive, devise”.


The American Engineers’ Council for Professional Development has defined “engineering” as:

The creative application of scientific principles to design or develop structures, machines, apparatus, or manufacturing processes, or works utilizing them singly or in combination; or to construct or operate the same with full cognizance of their design; or to forecast their behavior under specific operating conditions; all as respects an intended function, economics of operation and safety to life and property.

source: wikipedia

So initially there were only one branch i.e Military Engineering. later on it got divided into two sub branched which are named as Mechanical Engineeirng which deals with tank and machine building and Civil Engineering which work on road, building and Bridges construction.

Engineering is a broad discipline that is often broken down into several sub-disciplines. Although an engineer will usually be trained in a specific discipline, he or she may become multi-disciplined through experience. Engineering is often characterized as having four main branches: chemical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering.

What is civil engineering?

According to my, civil engineering is a kind of department in which we deal with the design construction and the organization as well as maintenance. It is a professional decision in which we focus on the construction of different-different departments like airport bridge dam’s buildings and all the structural mechanisms. Civil engineer tries to make a good structure at a very economic price.

What kind of different departments of civil engineering?

If we see there are various departments of civil as below,

  • Construction Engineering department
  • Coastal Engineering department
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Earthquake Engineering department
  • Urban or Municipal Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Material Science And Engineering
  • Water Resource Engineering
  • Structural Engineering

What are various software used in civil engineering?

There are the AutoCAD and 3DS Max are most popular and it widely used software in a civil engineering department and it is very much accommodating for us to make the 2D and 3D designs and to envision the real structure. And there more one type which is Staad.pro is the types of software are used to calculate load and it makes calculation easy for us.
Most of the work nowadays done with the help of software this software makes us visualize from a different perspective as well as to see the project in a realistic way before going to construction. Nowadays, all the constructions are done after the analysis of the project in the software.

What is the difference between an Artitect and a civil engineer ?

  • Architecture deals with the design of building or structures with prime focus upon the functionality and aesthetics. Architects deal with the look, feel and functionality of designs, while keeping in mind the basic structural elements of the building in mind.
  • On the other hand, Civil Engineers inspects, plans and executes the architectural designs for a building or structure. Civil Engineering concentrates on the structural elements of the design, making certain that the structure can endure normal and extreme conditions.

Field of Operation

Architects and civil engineers work in tandem, and, therefore, some of their work overlaps to an extent. However, when it comes to the field of operations, civil engineers have a wide range of options compared to architects. Generally speaking, architects are involved in the development of construction projects which require a creative presentation, for instance, Residences, Commercial complex, Public Buildings etc. On the other hand, any kind of construction work or structural engineering work is undertaken by civil engineers. Therefore, the scope of civil engineering can also involve public projects such as Bridges, Railway track and Harbors. Generally, such projects do not require any aesthetic considerations and are purely designed from a practicality perspective keeping structural integrity as its prime focus.

Which is better architect or civil engineer?

While both civil engineering and architecture are very valuable professional academic programmes, each of them have their own benefits. While architecture deals with design and aesthetic components, civil engineers deal with structural planning and execution of the creativity and design of the architect.

Nitish Prakash Surya

This is Nitish Prakash Surya. I am a professional civil Engineer & Founder of EACE. I count myself a Digital Enthusiast and a person with an Entrepreneurial Mindset. After completing M.tech from NIT Bhopal & years of working in various construction companies, I found that there is a big gap between theoretical and practical knowledge in civil engineering. "Everything about civil engineering" is founded with a core mission to provide a platform to all the civil engineers for understanding civil engineering concepts in a much comfortable way. Our team is a dedicated group of young civil professionals who work very hard to make this dream a reality. We at ECAE are dedicated to your personal and professional growth.

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