What is ITS ?
Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) can make transport safer, more efficient and more sustainable by applying various information and communication technologies to all modes of passenger and freight transport. Moreover, the integration of existing technologies can create new services. ITS are key to support jobs and growth in the transport sector.
Intelligent transportation system (ITS) is the application of sensing, analysis, control and communications technologies to ground transportation in order to improve safety, mobility and efficiency. ITS includes a wide range of applications that process and share information to ease congestion, improve traffic management, minimize environmental impact and increase the benefits of transportation to commercial users and the public in general.
Why Intelligent Transportation System needed?
- Inadequate road development as compared with rate of population growth.
- Low speed, increased accident rates.
- It is not possible to build enough new roads or to meet the demand.
- Make transportation systems more efficient, secure, and safer through the use of information, communications and control technologies.
- Improve the attractiveness of public transport.
- Tackle rising congestion which increases travel times and industry costs.
- Reduce the environmental impacts of transport.
The Condition of Indian Traffic
Let us look at the condition of the Indian road network and traffic congestion in detail. India is a country with the second largest road network in the world. Out of the total stretch of 5.4 million km of the road network, almost 97,991 km is covered by national highways.
It is already a huge challenge for the Indian government to provide world-class roads, due to the sheer magnitude. To add to it, India has to spend almost around ₹20,000 to ₹30,000 crore on the maintenance of roads every year. The reason behind this is the increase in the private vehicle ownership and the overburdening of roads in all major cities of the country.
For an average Indian youth owning a two-wheeler, driving on any of the major Indian cities is equivalent to waging a daily war. The everyday struggle and effort of dodging traffic, pollution, and rash drivers are the biggest cause of chronic stress and many physiological problems. On average, a person spends anywhere between 30 minutes to two hours of their day driving. This means, in a year, it is almost 360 hours. Imagine the kind of stress and unnecessary burden the person is putting on their body. In a country already full of numerous lifestyle-related diseases, the driving and traffic problems is an unnecessary addition.
If India has to maintain its growth, it will require around 15,000 km of new expressways in the coming 10-12 years. The National Highway Authority of India, along with the local corporations, have to work really hard to achieve this target. But this might not be possible if the citizens of the country continue to abuse the roads and traffic rules across the nation. The government mechanism, as well as the citizens, need to work in tandem if India wants to see any improvement in traffic and eventually in the lives of the citizens.
How ITS can Solve the problem?
ITS has the ability to learn and adapt to changing scenarios. An intelligent transportation system (ITS) is an advanced application which, without embodying intelligence as such, aims to provide innovative services relating to different modes of transport and traffic management and enable various users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated, and ‘smarter use of transport networks.
Infrastructure of Intelligent Transport Systems
ITS infrastructure is composed of many systems that work together to perform integrated functions. ITS infrastructure includes the following systems:-
- Traffic signal control systems
- Freeway management systems
- Transit management systems
- Regional Multi-Modal traveler information system
- Emergency management systems
- The electronic toll collection system
- Incident management program
- Notification or detection of the incident
- Verification of the incident
- Incident response
- Scene management
- Traffic management
- Incident clearance
- Railroad grade crossing warning system
- Electronic fare payment system
- Toll Collection
- Transit Fare payment system
- Parking fee payment
- Multi-use payment
Importance of Intelligent Transportation
Demand for travel is expected to increase by 50% over the next 20 years. some of the Advantages of an Intelligent Transportation System is listed below
- Reduction in stops and delays at intersections.
- Speed control & improvement.
- Travel time improvement.
- Capacity management.
- Incident management.